As you walk around the Beaver Boardwalk, look at the trees. You may notice there are not many tree species – only six in fact. That’s characteristic of the forests that grow in the Alberta Foothills.
BLACK SPRUCE Picea mariana
A slow growing, tree with a characteristic club-like cluster of branches at the top. Often found in cold, wet areas.
WHITE SPRUCE Picea glauca
Mature trees are 30+ metres tall and cylindrical in shape. Young trees are more conical in shape. Shade tolerant and found throughout upland forest
LODGEPOLE PINE Pinus contorta
Prefers full sun but can be found in many environments. Easily identified by long sharp-pointed needles in bunches of two.
BALSAM POPLAR Populus balsamifera
Prefers moist soils and lots of light. Young trees have smooth, yellowish-grey bark that grows thick and deeply grooved with age.
TREMBLING ASPEN Populus tremuloides
Found in moist areas with well-drained soils. Smooth round leaves are carried on strongly flattened leaf stems, that cause the leaves to twist and flutter (tremble) in a slight breeze.
TAMARACK Larix laricina
A small sized conifer that grows in fen wetlands. Green leaves in clusters of 10-20 needles that turn golden and fall from the tree in autumn.